One of the most recognizable icons of Berlin, the Brandenburg Gate is presented imposing and impervious to the passage of time, it has seen emboldened dictators and armies in retreat, and today it is a favourite place of thousands of tourists who each year visit the capital of Germany . Learn a little more about the history of one of the most important monuments of the old continent .
The Brandenburg Gate is the only gate of the old city wall that still stands . It was built in 1788 during the reign of Frederick William II . At the top of the door there was a sculpture consisting of a chariot led by the goddess Nike to commemorate the era of peace enjoyed by the nation. But that peace would not last long.
In 1806 Napoleon defeated Prusia at the Battle of Jena, before returning to France he ordered the removal of the chariot that decorated the Brandenburg Gate to exhibit it in Paris as a prize of war. And there it was until eight years later when Napoleon was overthrown and the statue returned to its original place.
The Brandenburg Gate was also chosen on January 30, 1933 by the Nazi army to celebrate the rise of Adolf Hitler. On that day more than 15,000 men marched with torches around the monument to remember the unity of Germany . Perhaps that was the subject of many attacks during the bombing of Berlin in World War II , being practically in ruins .
However, in 1957 more than ten years after the defeat of the Nazi army it was rebuilt. And paradoxically this monument that was considered the pride of a united Germany found itself between two Germanys, the East and the West .
Today it is one of the most visited sites in Berlin to be located in the city centre near the Parliament building . it is more than advisable to visit at dusk when it is beautifully lit .
On your visit to the beautiful city of Berlin do not miss this spectacular monument full of meaning . Try to imagine the enthusiasm with which the Prussian army returned the chariot back to the top of the door. Or imagine the terror that surrounded it during the Third Reich. The complex political situation it had over the years of the Iron Curtain.