The Tower of Pisa or Leaning Tower of Pisa is the bell tower of the Cathedral of Pisa, located in the Piazza del Duomo in Pisa, municipality of the Italian region of Tuscany and capital of the province.
The tower began to tilt as soon as its construction began in August 1173. Its height is 55.7 to 55.8 metres from the base, its weight is estimated at 14700 tons and the inclination of about 4°, extending 3.9 m from the vertical. It is not very clear the identity of the architect who was commissioned the construction. It is believed that its author was Bonanno Pisano, who began the works in the twelfth century. The tower of Pisa had to be completely vertical like all the towers, but things did not go as planned. It took five years to raise the first three floors and when the fourth floor was being built, something went wrong, the tower was leaning north. The place where the tower is set is very unstable. The subsoil is marshy and formed mainly by sand and clays, so it is not very compact tending to deform and move.
Once we have admired the indescribable city of Pisa we can continue our trip to Florence, 80 km away. There is a lot to see in Florence but we highlight the Piazzale degli Uffizi, a square that will take you to the river bank to admire the Ponte Vecchio. If you feel like walking you can walk up to the Piazzale Michelangelo. The impressive views of the city from Michelangelo Square are one of the attractions of the city. Once again on Ponte Vecchio, taking the Via Lungarno Generale Armando Díaz and turning left into the Via dei Leoni, we arrive at the Bargello National Museum, the ideal place to see Italian sculptures from the 14th to the 16th centuries.
At 75 km from Florence Airport you will find the medieval town of Siena, nestled on a Tuscan hill. It is famous for its large square shaped like a fan, Piazza del Campo and horse racing in summer. You have to visit the bell tower of Siena and the Torre del Mangia. In Siena we can admire its Cathedral and several historical museums full of art from different periods.
The small town of San Gimignano, known as the City of Bellas Torres, stands out among the medieval walled towns of the area. It is situated on a hill, which makes it an ideal place to admire the beauty of Tuscany. The city is famous for its 14 medieval towers from which to take innumerable photos of the city and the surroundings.
We continue on our way to Lucca, 84 km, a walled city of the best preserved in Italy. At the top of the walls there are paths for walking and cycling, which allow the visitor to see the historical centre of Lucca, from its wall. Lucca has several well-preserved towers from where you can get fabulous views of the city.