The famous Red Square is the heart of Russia. With its 23 square kilometers it is one of the largest in the world of its kind, and it stands out as the residence of the President of Russia and as being surrounded by some of the most beautiful and iconic buildings in Russia.
Built in the fifteenth century by Ivan III (grandfather of the famous Ivan "the Terrible") it was mainly directed to trade, it was a crowded place. However, as most of the market stalls were made of wood there were various severe fires, this is one of the reasons why the square was called "The Fire" for some time.
So, after two centuries of remodeling, this square adquired a significance, a beauty that make it unique in all Moscow, and this is where its real name "Krasny" comes from.
One of the first things you should know about Red Square is that its name does not refer to the colour of the bricks of the buildings that surround it, nor is it a reference to communism, but the word "Red" in old Russian language means "Bella ".
Surrounding the square you will find some of the most interesting tourist buildings in Moscow. Among the most important are:
The Kremlin: From the time of the USSR this immense complex of buildings is synonymous with the power of Russia.
The Historical Museum: The front view of this museum gives the Red Square a special beauty. This monumental museum exhibits million pieces that attest to the different civilizations that occupied the vast Russian territory.
St. Basil's Cathedral: built in 1555 by order of Tsar Ivan the Terrible, it is one of the best-known Orthodox temples worldwide. The most characteristic feature of this temple is its bulbous domes decorated with vivid colours.
The GUM: This magnificent building designed from the very beginning as a commercial warehouse has been used over its 130 years of history for all kinds of different purposes, currently being one of the most beautiful malls in the world. The link below will help you see why it is highly recommended to visit: http://www.gum.ru/en/
Russia is an amazing country, both for its size and its history. A country that will captivate you with its beauty and cultural wealth. One of the best ways to start getting to know it is visiting its own heart: Moscow's Red Square.